Pope [1878-1903 : Leo XIII]. has manifested a special interest in all problems relating to the welfare of society. Flashcards. We do not care to interrupt Ourselves here in order to demonstrate the absurdity of such a separation; each one will understand for himself. And We, in Our turn, either in writing or by word of mouth, have openly told Our sons what they had a right to demand of their Father, and, far from discouraging them, we have strongly exhorted them to increase their love and efforts in defense of the Catholic faith and likewise of their native land: two duties of paramount importance, and from which, in this life, no man can exempt himself. It was these threatening calumnies which drew from Pilate the sentence of death against Him whom he had repeatedly declared innocent. They may choose to issue an apostolic constitution , bull , encyclical, apostolic letter or give a papal speech . These superior truths are so clearly proclaimed by the voice of even natural reason, that they force themselves upon all who are not blinded by the violence of passion; therefore Catholics cannot be too careful in defending themselves against such a separation. . From that time onward a social need obtrudes itself upon the nation; it must provide for itself without delay. If the distinction just established has its major importance, it is likewise manifestly reasonable: Legislation is the work of men invested with power, and who, in fact, govern the nation; therefore it follows that, practically, the quality of the laws depends more upon the quality of these men than upon the power. It was the Pontifical reply. For whomsoever maketh himself a king, speaketh against Caesar…. library, Kindle, Nook, EPUB We delight in the hope that those who are in power will appreciate Our words, which aim at the happiness and prosperity of France. The respect due to constituted power cannot prohibit this: unlimited respect and obedience cannot be yielded to all legislative measures, of no matter what kind, enacted by this same power. $12.95. Encyclicals indicate high papal priority for an issue at a given time. Our preceding Encyclicals have already exposed these principles, but it was nevertheless necessary to recall them for the development of the subject which occupies us to-day. St. Louis : Publisher. When different families, without giving up the rights and duties of domestic society, unite under the inspiration of nature, in order to constitute themselves members of another larger family circle called civil society, their object is not only to find therein the means of providing for their material welfare, but, above all, to draw thence the boon of moral improvement. 21. Now, morality, in man, by the mere fact that it should establish harmony among so many dissimilar rights and duties, since it enters as an element into every human act, necessarily supposes God, and with God, religion, that sacred bond whose privilege is to unite, anteriorly to all other bonds, man to God. To the Bishops of Brazil. 12. Thus this work confines itself to one topic, Catholic social teaching, and one kind of documents, the eight major papal encyclicals on the Church's social teaching, going from Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum in 1891 to John Paul II's Centesimus Annus in 1991, plus an important wartime anniversary address on Rerum in … Pope Leo XIII Encyclicals on Socialism, Freemasonry, and Other Dangers of Our Times (SJL Papal Encyclicals) (Volume 4) Pope Leo XIII. 27. If thou release this man, thou are not Caesar’s friend. And that too at the very time when the custodians of power used it against her, thereby depriving themselves of the strongest support given their authority and of efficacious means of obtaining from the people obedience to their laws. Thus the wisdom of the Church explains itself in the maintenance of her relations with the numerous governments which have succeeded one another in France in less than a century, each change causing violent shocks. But in France, a nation Catholic in her traditions and by the present faith of the great majority of her sons, the Church should not be placed in the precarious position to which she must submit among other peoples; and the better that Catholics understand the aim of the enemies who desire this separation, the less will they favor it. But, in a word, atheism is so monstrous an error that it could never, be it said to the honor of humanity, annihilate in it the consciousness of God’s claims and substitute them with idolatry of the State. That is, given the “new things” of the day the perennial moral truths of the Catholic faith were applied to these relatively new moral questions. Hence it is that the Church, the guardian of the truest and highest idea of political sovereignty, since she has derived it from God, has always condemned men who rebelled against legitimate authority and disapproved their doctrines. France herself furnishes the same…. Test. Rom. The laws will be good or bad accordingly as the minds of the legislators are imbued with good or bad principles, and as they allow themselves to be guided by political prudence or by passion. 6. To the natural generosity of her heart Christian charity came and added an abundant source of new energy; her wonderful activity received still greater impetus from contact with the light that guides and is the pledge of constancy, the Christian faith, which, by the hand of France, traced such glorious pages in the history of mankind. Leo’s most famous encyclical, Rerum Novarum (“Of Revolutionary Change”), laid out church teachings on economic issues as well as church-state relations and is widely seen as the foundational document of modern Catholic social teaching. 15. In the encyclicals Diuturnum illud, Immortale Dei e Libertas, he reiterated and developed the political doctrine of Gregory XVI and Pius IX, but the policy of ralliement contradicted his doctrinal premises. Thence it follows that, in similar junctures, all the novelty is limited to the political form of civil power, or to its mode of transmission; it in no wise affects the power considered in itself. No Frenchman, whatever his convictions in other respects, would dare to renounce glory such as this, for to do so would be to deny his native land. IN PLURIMIS ENCYCLICAL OF POPE LEO XIII ON THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY . This is all the more imperative because an insurrection stirs up hatred among citizens, provokes civil war, and may throw a nation into chaos and anarchy, and this great duty of respect and dependence will endure as long as the exigencies of the common good shall demand it, since this good is, after God, the first and last law in society. STUDY. The points in question are: Religion and country, political power and legislation, the conduct to be observed in regard to this power and legislation, the Concordat, the separation of Church and State….We cherish the hope and the confidence that the elucidation of these points will dissipate the prejudices of many honest, well-meaning men, facilitate the pacification of minds, and thereby cement the union of all Catholics for the sustaining of the great cause of Christ, who loves the Franks. 19. ... Encyclical letter of His Holiness Pope Leo XIII. In a word: the ideal of these men would be a return to paganism: the State would recognize the Church only when it would be pleased to persecute her. Only the Church of Jesus Christ has been able to preserve, and surely will preserve unto the consummation of time, her form of government. On the observance of this solemn, bi-lateral compact, always faithfully kept by the Holy See, the enemies of the Catholic religion do not themselves agree-The more violent among them desire its abolition, that the State may be entirely free to molest the Church of Jesus Christ — On the contrary, others, being more astute, wish, or rather claim to wish, the preservation of the Concordat: not because they agree that the State should fulfill toward the Church the subscribed engagements, but solely that the State may be benefited by the concessions made by the Church; as if one could, at will, separate engagements entered into from concessions obtained, when both of these things form a substantial part of one whole. 31. Consequently, when new governments representing this immutable power are constituted, their acceptance is not only permissible but even obligatory, being imposed by the need of the social good which has made and which upholds them. Enarrat, in Psalm. Last updated February 20, 2020 Papal encyclicals are also a valuable resource for many scholars. Second Council of Constantinople – 553 A.D. Third Council of Constantinople : 680-681 A. D. Fourth Council of Constantinople : 869-870. 17. XIII Gioacchino Pecci 20.II.1878 - 20.VII.1903. Only the Church of Jesus Christ has been able to preserve, and surely will preserve unto the consummation of time, her form of government. Founded by Him who was, who is, and who will be forever, she has received from Him, since her very origin, all that she requires for the pursuing of her divine mission across the changeable ocean of human affairs. Meanwhile, as a pledge of Our paternal affection, we bestow upon you, Venerable Brethren, upon your clergy and also upon all the Catholics of France, the apostolic blessing. For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God, our Savior.”. Otherwise said, if every political form is good by itself and may be applied to the government of nations, the fact still remains that political power is not found in all nations under the same form; each has its own. Various political governments have succeeded one another in France during the last century, each having its own distinctive form: the Empire, the Monarchy, and the Republic. We Ourselves, in obedience to a sacred duty, made earnest appeals to him who was then at the head of the republic, but these tendencies continued to exist; the evil grew, and it was not surprising that the members of the French Episcopate chosen by the Holy Ghost to rule over their respective illustrious churches should even quite recently have considered it an obligation publicly to express their grief concerning the condition of affairs in France in regard to the Catholic religion. 23. This form springs from a combination of historical or national, though always human, circumstances which, in a nation, give rise to its traditional and even fundamental laws, and by these is determined the particular form of government, the basis of transmission of supreme power. As soon as the State refuses to give to God what belongs to God, by a necessary consequence it refuses to give to citizens that to which, as men, they have a right; as, whether agreeable or not to accept, it cannot be denied that man’s rights spring from his duty toward God. Author. Want to be automatically notified of new documents? Pope Leo XIII on Freemasonry and the Sacred Congregation on Catholics becoming Masons.Concerning their attitude toward the Freemasons, we may turn to a summation in Pope Leo XIII’s Encyclical on Freemasonry (Humanum Genus).Below is the 1981 document on the Status of Catholics becoming Freemasons in the Church from the Office of the Sacred Congregation in Rome. Amid the many and great demonstrations of affection which from almost all the peoples of the earth have come to Us, and are still coming to Us, in congratulation upon the happy attainment of the fiftieth anniversary of Our priesthood, there is one which moves Us in a quite special way. We have explained, Venerable Brethren, in an abridged though clear way, some if not all the points upon which French Catholics and all intelligent men should be at peace and unity, so as to remedy, in so far as still remains possible, the evils with which France is afflicted, and to elevate its moral greatness. Again, at present, when contemplating the depths of the vast conspiracy that certain men have formed for the annihilation of Christianity in France and the animosity with which they pursue the realization of their design, trampling under foot the most elementary notions of liberty and justice for the sentiment of the greater part of the nation, and of respect for the inalienable rights of the Catholic Church, how can We but be stricken with deepest grief? Pope Leo XIII, born 210 years ago this year, is perhaps best known for his Marianism. And how are these political changes of which We speak produced? 4. Write. Therefore, on this ground, they can afford neither indolence of action nor party divisions; the one would bespeak cowardice unworthy of a Christian, the other would bring about disastrous weakness. We know that, by a lamentable abuse of his reason, and still more so of his will, the atheist denies these principles. In descending from the domain of abstractions to that of facts, we must beware of denying the principles just established: they remain fixed. 3. Place of Publication. Leo XIII issued a record of eleven papal encyclicals on the rosary, earning him the title as the " Rosary Pope ". We have no king but Caesar.”, 10. Leo PP. How consoling to Our heart to encourage you all in this way and to behold you all responding with docility to Our appeal! ) | Jan 09, 2019 It is God. God. All understand the value of this pacification; all continue to desire it more and more. And who, better than the Church, is in position to know it — she who has striven to maintain habitual relations with all political governments? Such a line of conduct would be the surest and most salutary for all Frenchmen in their civil relations with the republic, which is the actual government of their nation. To Our Venerable Brothers the Archbishops, Bishops, Clergy and Faithful of France. Paperback. Rerum Novarum, Leo XIII 1891: This encyclical is the foundation of all modern Catholic social teaching. | In 7. – Father Thomas Thompson, S.M. However, when he made them form into ranks and march against a hostile nation, they obeyed instantly. And what is the principal and essential truth, that from which all truth is derived? Assuredly she, better than any other power, could tell the consolation or sorrow occasioned her by the laws of the various governments by which nations have been ruled from the Roman Empire down to the present. 5. We have them all in our library; you will find the links below. They distinguished the eternal from the temporal master and still in view of the eternal Master they submitted to such a temporal master.”. All citizens are bound to unite in maintaining in the nation true religious sentiment, and to defend it in case of need, if ever, despite the protestations of nature and of history, an atheistical school should set about banishing God from society, thereby surely annihilating the moral sense even in the depths of the human conscience. 2. In fact, to wish that the State would separate itself from the Church would be to wish, by a logical sequence, that the Church be reduced to the liberty of living according to the law common to all citizens….It is true that in certain countries this state of affairs exists. Whence if follows that the State, by missing in this connection the principal object of its institution, finally becomes false to itself by denying that which is the reason of its own existence. Yet Leo was one of the great thinkers of the modern age, having sketched out a uniquely Catholic philosophy of man and society for the modern world. This is abundantly evinced by his noble encyclicals on these topics, and by his num berless letters to eminent representatives of church and state. Truly this is the revival of a very ancient calumny, as its invention belongs to the first enemies of Christianity. If you are a current donor, log in to see the comment form; otherwise please support our work, and Sound Off! Encyclicals are normally addressed to the bishops of the church, but a few (notably Pacem in terris by John XXIII) have been addressed also to “all men of good will.” The formal title of an encyclical consists of the first few words of the official text; the language is usually Latin, and the document is not considered to be infallible. During his 25 year pontificate he wrote a total of 88 encyclicals. In this order of speculative ideas, Catholics, like all other citizens, are free to prefer one form of government to another precisely because no one of these social forms is, in itself, opposed to the principles of sound reason nor to the maxims of Christian doctrine. We have expressly recalled some features of the past that Catholics might not be dismayed by the present. 16. Apostolic Constitutions; Apostolic Letters; Briefs; Bulls 4. Founded in 1717, modern speculative Masonry took on its actual form following the publication by Anderson, a clergyman, of the “Constitutions” in 1723. Match. If you would like to be automatically notified of site additions, changes, and when an entry for a Papal or Church document is added, become a fan of our Facebook page. Here We intend alluding principally to the political differences among the French in regard to the actual republic — a question We would treat with the clearness which the gravity of the subject demands, beginning with the principles and descending thence to practical results. Verlag der Central-Stelle, Date of Publication. tion of the tiara Leo XIII. Supremi Apostolatus Officio (On Devotion Of The Rosary) 1883, Superiore Anno (On The Recitation Of The Rosary) 1884, Vi E Ben Noto (On The Rosary And Public Life) 1887, Laetitiae Sanctae (Commending Devotion To The Rosary) 1893, Iucunda Semper Expectatione (On The Rosary) 1894, Fidentem Piumque Animum (On The Rosary) 1896, Free eBook: Liturgical Year 2020-2021, Vol. They never failed to call public attention to the pretended encroachment of the Church upon the State, in order to furnish the State with some apparent right to violently attack the Catholic religion. In French Catholics the religious sentiment should be even deeper and more universal because they have the happiness of belonging to the true religion. . Is it not its privilege — or, better still, its duty — to defend itself against a state of affairs troubling it so deeply, and to re-establish public peace in the tranquillity of order? To attain this We have already remarked that a great union is necessary, and if it is to be realized, it is indispensable that all preoccupation capable of diminishing its strength and efficacy must be abandoned. For them the Concordat would amount to no more than a chain forged to fetter the liberty of the Church, that holy liberty to which she has a divine and inalienable right. Christian soldiers served this faithless emperor, but as soon as there was question of the cause of Jesus Christ they recognized only Him who was in heaven. Let it not be forgotten that law is a precept ordained according to reason and promulgated for the good of the community by those who, for this end, have been entrusted with power. Given at Rome, the 16th day of February, 1892, in the fourteenth year of Our Pontificate. This article contains encyclicals issued by Pope Leo XIII during his twenty-five-year reign as Pope in 1878–1903. God; always God. These regrettable differences would have been avoided if the very considerable distinction between constituted power and legislation had been carefully kept in view. But these ten actually have the Rosary itself as their main subject. Let us therefore place above all else the glory of God and of His Church; let us work for her with an assiduity at once constant and effective, and leave all care of success to Jesus Christ, who tells us: “In the world you shall have distress: but have confidence, I have overcome the world.”. To lighten our editing burden, only current donors are allowed to Sound Off. Leo XIII, far from his intentions, encouraged, at the level of praxis, those ideas and tendencies that he condemned on the doctrinal level. Arcanum is a Catholic encyclical written in 1880 by Pope Leo XIII on the topic of Christian marriage. 18. Catholic Church. All comments are moderated. 28. Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence, 1431-45 A.D. And here is precisely the ground on which, political dissensions aside, upright men should unite as one to combat, by all lawful and honest means, these progressive abuses of legislation. Their very name was equivalent to a declaration of war; and Christians, by the mere fact of their being such, and for no other reason, were forced to choose between apostasy and martyrdom, being allowed no alternative. Spell. Gravity. Social/Papal Encyclicals. Some others mention the Rosary, such as his encyclicals on devotion to St. Joseph and on the Confraternity of the Rosary. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. Amid the cares of the universal Church We have many times, in the course of Our Pontificate, been pleased to testify Our affection for France and her noble people, and in one of Our Encyclicals, still within the memory of all, We endeavored solemnly to express the innermost feelings of Our soul on this subject. That several years ago different important acts of legislation in France proceeded from a tendency hostile to religion, and therefore to the interests of the nation, is admitted by all, and unfortunately confirmed by the evidence of facts. bio - - email “We have found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he is Christ, the king. Buy pope leo xiii Books at Indigo.ca. Encyclicals are formal letters or proclamations from the Catholic pope to the bishops and patriarchs, and by extension to all believers of the universal Church. Place of Publication. It was St. Pius who prayed the Rosary to ensure the Catholic victory over the invading Moors at Lepanto in 1571. It was this that St. Augustine, the great Bishop of Hippo, brought out so strongly in his eloquent reasoning: “Sometimes the powerful ones of earth are good and fear God; at other times they fear Him not. Substantially the struggle is ever the same: Jesus Christ is always exposed to the contradictions of the world, and the same means are always used by modern enemies of Christianity, means old in principle and scarcely modified in form; but the same means of defense are also clearly indicated to Christians of the present day by our apologists, our doctors and our martyrs. Poor France! 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